Knights were warriors on horseback. There were three social and political classes, or estates —nobles, clergy, and common people. Nobles ran great estates, given to them on the condition that they would help the king rule.Medieval Europe and the Crusades, Christianity and Islam
Page 21 of 171. Its stone walls would not burn, and were very hard to knock down.
Submit Feedback. Internet URLs are the best. Some knights owned castles and land, and kept local order.
The first castles, built around 900, were made up of a wooden fortress on top of an earth mound. The period was marked by economic and territorial expansion, demographic and urban growth, the emergence of national identity, and the restructuring of secular and ecclesiastical institutions. Literature and the Arts. Please try again later.
Thomas Aquinas c. Even the wealthiest nobles and clergymen lacked comforts that are taken for granted in the modern world.
They came from noble families and were trained from boyhood to handle weapons, wear armor, and ride heavy war horses. The Europe of the fatherlands. In the central, or high, Middle Ages, even more dramatic growth occurred.
Most of the peasants were serfs, unfree laborers. The medieval period was the formative age of European literature. Though tragic and often tense, the Cold War nonetheless imposed stability on Europe and allowed the western sector, at least, to prosper as never before. Help us improve this article!
Did the Middle Ages end? The end of…. Gradually a new civilization developed, dominated by the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Middle Ages The period of European history extending from about 500 to 1400—1500 ce is traditionally known as the Middle Ages.
Charlemagne 742—814 reunited much of western Europe, but his empire was divided soon after his death. By 1200, universities had been founded at Bologna, Paris, and Oxford, under the auspices of the church. The main intellectual movement, which arose between the 9th and 12th century, was scholasticism, an attempt to buttress Christian faith with formal reasoning.
Craftsmen and merchants settled in towns and organized guilds to protect their interests.